Hey there! Let’s talk about something super cool – menstruation. It’s like this monthly routine your body has, and it’s kind of like your body’s way of getting ready for some baby-making magic. So, here’s the lowdown in simple terms – every month, your uterus gets all set for a potential baby. If no baby shows up, it’s like a little housecleaning, and that’s your period! It’s driven by hormones, these little messengers in your body, making sure everything’s in sync. So, your body’s basically this amazing storyteller, and menstruation is just one fascinating chapter in the tale of life. Cool, right? 😊
What is menstruation?
Menstruation is when your body sheds the lining of your uterus each month. It’s also called menses, menstrual period, menstrual cycle, or just period. Menstrual blood, which is part blood and part tissue from your uterus, comes out of your body through your vagina.
During menstruation, hormones in your body play a big role. Hormones are like messengers in your body. Your pituitary gland in your brain and your ovaries, which are part of your reproductive system, release certain hormones at specific times during your menstrual cycle.
These hormones make the lining of your uterus thicken. This happens so that if you become pregnant, an egg can attach to your uterine lining. Hormones also make your ovaries release an egg, which is called ovulation. If the egg isn’t fertilized by sperm, you don’t get pregnant, and the lining of your uterus breaks down and comes out of your body as your period.
What is a menstrual cycle?
The menstrual cycle is a term for the events that happen in your body as it gets ready for the chance of pregnancy each month. Your menstrual cycle is the time from the first day of your period to the first day of your next period. Everyone’s cycle is a bit different, but the process is the same.
How long is a normal menstrual cycle?
The usual length of a menstrual cycle is 28 days. However, it can range from 21 days to about 35 days and still be normal.
How many days between periods are normal?
The number of days between periods is your menstrual cycle length. The average cycle lasts 28 days, but it can be normal for cycles to last between 21 and 35 days.
How long does a normal menstruation last?
Most people have their period for three to seven days.
Is a three-day menstruation normal?
Yes, a period is normal if it lasts between three and seven days. Some people have a period for only three days, and that’s okay.
What are the four phases of the menstrual cycle?
- The menses phase: This is when your period starts. It lasts for three to five days, and your uterus sheds its lining.
- The follicular phase: This starts on the day you get your period and ends at ovulation. Hormones make the lining of your uterus grow, and your ovaries produce a mature egg.
- Ovulation: Around day 14 of a 28-day cycle, your ovary releases an egg.
- The luteal phase: This lasts from about day 15 to day 28. If the egg is not fertilized, your uterus lining breaks down, and you have your period.
At what age does menstruation typically begin?
Most people start menstruating at around 12 years old. However, it can begin as early as 8 or as late as 16 years old. Generally, menstruation starts a few years after breasts and pubic hair start to grow.
People stop menstruating at menopause, which happens around 51 years old. At menopause, you no longer produce eggs.
What are symptoms of getting your period?
Some people experience symptoms like
- mood changes
- Trouble sleeping
- Food cravings
- Breast tenderness
- Acne before their period.
How does your menstruation change over time?
Your menstrual cycle can change from your teens to your 40s or 50s. When you first get your period, it’s normal to have longer cycles or a heavier flow. It can take up to three years for regular cycles to happen. In your 20s, cycles become more consistent. As you approach menopause, periods become irregular. It’s also normal for periods to change after childbirth or during lactation.
What is considered an irregular period?
Irregular menstruation includes periods less than 21 or more than 35 days apart, not having a period for three months, very heavy or light flow, bleeding for more than seven days, severe pain, and bleeding or spotting between periods.
How much should I bleed during my menstruation?
You usually lose between two and three tablespoons of blood during your period. Some signs of irregular bleeding are bleeding through a tampon or pad every one to two hours, passing large blood clots, and bleeding for more than seven days.
How do I track my period?
Mark the first day of your period on a calendar, and continue marking each day you’re bleeding. Count the number of days between each first day to get your cycle length. There are also apps that can track this for you.
When should I worry about my menstruation?
Contact your healthcare provider if you haven’t had a period by 16, don’t get your period for three months or longer, have sudden changes in bleeding, experience severe pain, bleed between periods, feel sick after using tampons, think you might be pregnant, or have any concerns.